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Euro Coin Catalog

It was the year 1999 when the European Union adopted a new currency called the euro. The new common currency, which began as an electronic currency but which three years later in 2002, after overcoming many obstacles and tests, finally came into circulation with new banknotes and coins. Millions of Europeans had one of the biggest changes in their lives with the arrival of the euro. Since then the European Central Bank and the European Commission have been responsible for maintaining its value and stability by setting the criteria to be met by each member country of the Eurozone.

Along with the dollar, it is one of the strongest currencies in the world. Its symbol € was chosen by the European Commission in 1996 by mixing the Greek letter Epsilon with two parallel lines as an indication of its stability.

How many countries use the euro?

The euro is the official currency of 19 of the 27 member states of the European Union. In total, it is estimated to be used by more than 340 million Europeans. Moreover, the euro is not only the official currency in the euro area. Other small states such as Monaco, Andorra, San Marino, the Vatican or Montenegro use it and even have the right to issue their own currencies.

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Euro designs and types

The euro coin series consists of eight coins of different denominations: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents, €1 and €2.

The design of the coins incorporates a common side (design by Luc Luycx, Royal Belgian Mint) and a national obverse side indicating the issuing country. Given that so many countries make up the euro, the large number of coins in existence opens up a large window of opportunity for coin collecting.

As a curiosity, with the incorporation of the new countries, the common side has undergone modifications. The reverse of most euro coins only included the countries that made up the European Union in 1997. After successive enlargements, it was decided in 2007 to implement a new design. It shows the entire European continent without borders, including Malta and Cyprus.

The high cost of manufacturing and distributing some coins, especially the smaller ones, led several countries such as the Netherlands, Finland and Belgium to stop using the 1 and 2 cent coins. These coins are the ones that have the most followers when it comes to collecting them.

The Banco de España indicates that the different euro coins incorporate electromagnetic and automatic reading characteristics. These provide a guarantee of maximum security, as they are manufactured according to highly advanced technical specifications. The aim is to make them extremely difficult to counterfeit and easy to detect.

euro coin
Different types of euro designs, ideal for the collector.

Commemorative euro coins: the most wanted coins by collectors

All euro coins have a common design with the exception of the €2 coins, which each country is entitled to issue two commemorative coins per year. These coins have the same features in all countries with a common face but are distinguished by the commemorative motif on the national side. Only the €2 coins can vary in design, which is why they are better known as commemorative coins.

2 euro coins

Commemorative €2 coins are issued on the anniversaries of historical events or with national motifs of historical significance. The first €2 commemorative coin was issued by Greece on the occasion of the Olympic Games in Athens in 2004.

These coins are of the bimetallic type as they are made of two metals that are joined together by means of a press. The inner part is nickel plated with nickel-brass and the outer part is cupro-nickel metal. They have a diameter of 25.75 mm, a thickness of 2.20 mm and a weight of 8.50 grams.

The commemorative coins are issued and designed by the individual euro area countries. The ECB (European Central Bank) is responsible for authorising the maximum volume that can be issued by each country.

Common commemorative 2 euro coins

Exceptionally, four commemorative coins have been issued together:

Although each country may issue a maximum of two commemorative coins per year, exceptionally, a third one may be issued, provided that it is a joint issue commemorating important events at the European level.

Commemorative 2 euro coins for 2024

The following 2-euro commemorative coins have been issued throughout the year 2024. They are currently in great demand and collectors are looking to add them to their collections as soon as possible.

More information on these designs can be found on the ECB's official website

España | 2 euro (Patrimonio de la Humanidad de la UNESCO - Sevilla)

España | 2 euro (200 Aniversario de la Policía Nacional)

FO#22417 KM#1571
Price: 2,13€ - 2,85€

Portugal | 2 euro (50 años de Revolución de los Claveles)

Italia | 2 euro (250 Aniversario de la Guardia di Finanza)

Italia | 2 euro ( Rita Levi-Montalcini)

FO#22823 KM#525
Price: 3,60€

Alemania-Rep.Federal | 2 euro (Bundesländer - "Mecklemburgo-Pomerania Occidental")

Alemania-Rep.Federal | 2 euro (175 Aniversario de la Constitución de la Paulskirche)

Finlandia | 2 euro (Elecciones y Democracia)

FO#22487
Price: 5,88€

San Marino | 2 euro (50º Aniversario - Declaración de los Derechos Civiles y Principios Básicos del Sistema Legal)

2 euro commemorative coins of 2025

During 2025, a series of new commemorative coins are anticipated to be released by each country. It is expected that the combination of their aesthetics and relative scarcity will make them highly valued pieces. Some of the coins being planned include:

The Central Bank has decided to issue by 2022 a common design for all member states commemorating the 35th anniversary of the Erasmus Programme.

Commemorative 2 euro coin 2022. Common for all countries. 35th Anniversary of the Erasmus Programme.
Commemorative 2 euro coin 2022. Common for all countries. 35th Anniversary of the Erasmus Programme.

2 euro commemorative coins 2023

The year 2023 was an important year for many countries in the euro zone, as new commemorative €2 coin designs were unveiled. These coins, issued to celebrate historical events, important figures and national achievements, have captured the attention of collectors and citizens alike. Each country presented unique designs reflecting their cultural heritage and values, which has generated great interest and excitement throughout Europe.

España | 2 euro (Patrimonio de la Humanidad de la UNESCO - Cáceres)

FO#20800 KM#1563
Price: 2,16€ - 2,89€

España | 2 euro (Presidencia española de la Unión Europea)

Portugal | 2 euro (Jornada Mundial de la Juventud - Lisboa 2023)

FO#20986 KM#943
Price: 1,69€ - 3,02€

Portugal | 2 euro (Paz entre las Naciones)

FO#21263 KM#942
Price: 1,96€ - 2,62€

Italia | 2 euro (150 Aniversario de la Muerte de Alessandro Manzoni)

Francia | 2 euro (Nuevo diseño)

FO#20158 KM#3065
Price: 2,10€ - 3,94€

Francia | 2 euro (XXXIII Juegos Olímpicos - París 2024 - Boxeo)

Francia | 2 euro (Copa Mundial de Rugby - Francia 2023)

FO#20984 KM#3226
Price: 1,84€ - 3,28€

Luxemburgo | 2 euro (175 Aniversario de la Cámara de Diputados)

Luxemburgo | 2 euro (25 Aniversario como Miembro del Comité Olímpico Internacional)

Alemania-Rep.Federal | 2 euro (Filarmónica del Elba - Hamburgo)

FO#20726 KM#424
Price: 2,23€ - 3,15€

Alemania-Rep.Federal | 2 euro (1275 Aniversario del Nacimiento de Carlomagno)

FO#20876 KM#423
Price: 2,32€ - 4,30€

Finlandia | 2 euro (100 Aniversario Ley de Conservación de la Naturaleza)

Finlandia | 2 euro (Servicios Sociales y Sanitarios para los Ciudadanos)

Bélgica | 2 euro (Bruselas - Capital del Art Nouveau)

FO#20976 KM#438
Price: 9,57€

Bélgica | 2 euro (75 Aniversario del Sufragio Femenino en Bélgica)

Grecia | 2 euro (100 Aniversario del Nacimiento de Maria Callas)

Grecia | 2 euro (150 Aniversario del Nacimiento de Constantin Carathéodory)

Andorra | 2 euro (30 Años del Ingreso de Andorra en la ONU)

Andorra | 2 euro (Fiesta del Fuego del Solsticio de Verano)

Chipre | 2 euro (60 Aniversario del Banco Central de Chipre)

FO#21163 KM#116
Price: 1,25€ - 2,98€

Eslovaquia | 2 euro (200 Aniversario del Correo a caballo entre Viena y Bratislava)

Eslovenia | 2 euro (150 Aniversario del Nacimiento de Josip Plemelj)

Estonia | 2 euro (La Golondrina común - Ave Nacional de Estonia)

Irlanda | 2 euro (50 Aniversario de la Adhesión a la Unión Europea)

Lituania | 2 euro (Juntos con Ucrania)

FO#20797 KM#282
Price: 3,00€

Letonia | 2 euro (Gloria a Ucrania)

FO#20946 KM#225
Price: 3,15€

Malta | 2 euro (225 Aniversario de la Llegada de los Franceses a Malta)

Malta | 2 euro (550 Aniversario del Nacimiento de Nicolás Copérnico)

Mónaco | 2 euro (100 Aniversario del Nacimiento de Rainiero III)

San Marino | 2 euro (500 Aniversario de la Muerte de Luca Signorelli)

San Marino | 2 euro (500 Aniversario de la Muerte de Perugino)

Vaticano | 2 euro (Escudo Francisco I)

FO#20736 KM#462.1
Price: 7,50€ - 32,00€

Vaticano | 2 euro (500 Aniversario de la Muerte de Perugino)

Vaticano | 2 euro (150 Aniversario de la Muerte de Alessandro Manzoni)

Valuable 2 Euro coins

In the following list, we will show the most sought-after and valuable 2-euro coins among collectors. These can have different reasons for being so expensive, for a rare issue, for an exceptional reason, or for the high demand among collectors.

This reason for their high value almost always fits smaller countries such as Monaco, Vatican, San Marino, and Andorra, which curiously are not part of the EU.

These are the most valuable 2-euro coins with their euro photos at the moment:

Mónaco | 2 euro (Grace Kelly)

FO#774 KM#186
Price: 1.253,00€
Year: 2007
Period: Euro
Weight: 8,50 g
Composition: Bimetalica
Diameter: 25,75 mm
Edge: Ribbed with inscription

Mónaco | 2 euro

FO#5708 KM#195
Price: 1,50€ - 9,40€
Year: 2009-2023
Period: Euro
Weight: 8,50 g
Composition: Bimetalica
Diameter: 25,75 mm
Edge: Ribbed with inscription

Vaticano | 2 euro (Juan Pablo II)

FO#298 KM#348
Price: 29,00€
Year: 2002-2005
Period: Euro
Weight: 8,50 g
Composition: Bimetalica
Diameter: 25,75 mm
Edge: Ribbed with inscription

San Marino | 2 euro

FO#273 KM#447
Price: 0,59€ - 18,13€
Year: 2002-2007
Period: Euro
Weight: 8,50 g
Composition: Bimetalica
Diameter: 25,75 mm
Edge: Ribbed with inscription

Valuable 1 Euro coins in the market

The following list shows the most expensive 1 euro coins in existence, again the smaller countries top the ranking as they are scarce and rare. Some of them are valuable because they are the error coin variant.

Mónaco | 1 euro

FO#5707 KM#194
Price: 0,27€ - 5,41€
Year: 2007-2022
Period: Euro
Weight: 7,50 g
Composition: Bimetalica
Diameter: 23,25 mm
Edge: Segmented rifling

Vaticano | 1 euro (Juan Pablo II)

FO#295 KM#347
Price: 19,32€ - 2.000,00€
Year: 2002-2005
Period: Euro
Weight: 7,50 g
Composition: Bimetalica
Diameter: 23,25 mm
Edge: Segmented rifling

San Marino | 1 euro

FO#272 KM#446
Price: 0,51€ - 7,09€
Year: 2002-2007
Period: Euro
Weight: 7,50 g
Composition: Bimetalica
Diameter: 23,25 mm
Edge: Ribbed

Special editions

In addition to the official coins of each country, there are special editions for collectors. Unlike the coins in circulation, these have different values and are validated by the country issuing them. Do you remember the 2,000 peseta coins? Well, the same is true of the euro, and there are coins of 10 euros, 20 euros, and even 30 euros that each country produces to commemorate an event.

10 euro coins

Spain is one of the most active countries in the production of 10-euro coins. For example, on the occasion of the anniversary of the Spanish Constitution, which celebrated its 40th anniversary on 6 December 2018, a commemorative 10-euro coin was issued. The Fábrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre launched this coin made of sterling silver and proof quality with a face value of 10 euros.

This coin features the figure of Felice VI on the obverse with the motto "FELIPE VI REY DE ESPAÑA", while on the reverse it mentions the motif "CONSTITUCIÓN ESPAÑOLA" with the dates 1978-2018 with a drawing of a lion of the Congress of Deputies.

España | 10 euro (50 Aniversario de S.M. el Rey Felipe VI)

FO#18953 KM#1419
Price: 30,00€
Year: 2018
Period: Euro
Weight: 27,00 g
Composition: Silver (0,925)
Diameter: 40,00 mm
Edge: Ribbed

20 euro coins

Several 20 euro coins have been issued by the FNMT, two of these 20 euro coins of Spain are the ones with commemorative motifs in reference to the 2010 World Cup won by the Spanish national football team and in 2011 for the centenary of the Women's Day.

20 Euro Champions 2010

In 2010 the Spanish national team achieved the dream of winning the World Cup and the Spanish Mint wanted to commemorate this event by issuing (12,000 coins) a coin with a face value of 20 euros made of 925 sterling silver (weight 18g and diameter 33cm).

The obverse of the coin shows the busts of King Sofia and King Juan Carlos and the reverse reads "WORLD CHAMPIONS" with the image of a footballer.

España | 20 euro (Campeones del Mundo-Sudáfrica 2010)

FO#4547 KM#1183
Price: 27,01€
Year: 2010
Period: Euro
Weight: 18,00 g
Composition: Silver (0,925)
Diameter: 33,00 mm
Edge: Smooth

20 Euro Women's Day Centenary

The second coin has the same features as the first one and the motif is the Centenary of Women's Day, with a bust of Clara Campoamor on the reverse of the coin. Issued in 2011.

España | 20 euro (Día Internacional de la Mujer)

FO#5065 KM#1246
Price: 19,50€
Year: 2011
Period: Euro
Weight: 18,00 g
Composition: Silver
Diameter: 33,00 mm
Edge: Smooth

30 euro coins

Spain has many 30-euro coins. One of the coins that collectors in Spain and around the world can obtain was the one produced in 2021 to commemorate the Year of St. James 21-22 and which has a face value of 30 euros. The Fábrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre issued this new 30-euro coin in 925 sterling silver and copper with a diameter of 33 cm.

On the obverse, the coin shows the effigies of King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia, and on the polychrome reverse, a pilgrim walks following the sign of the scallop, the symbol of the apostle, on her way to the cathedral of Santiago.

España | 30 euro (Camino de Santiago)

FO#19973 KM#1523
Price: 34,65€
Year: 2021
Period: Euro
Weight: 18,00 g
Composition: Silver (0,925)
Diameter: 33,00 mm
Edge: Smooth

Euro proof coins

Prior to the launch of the euro in 2002, countries conducted pilot tests to see how the currency would work by simulating its use. To this end, test coins were issued on the occasion of the euro trials. In Spain, one of the most famous was the test in Churriana (Malaga).

<p><strong>Prior to the launch of the euro in 2002</strong>, countries conducted pilot tests to see how the currency would work by simulating its use. To this end, test coins were issued on the occasion of the euro trials. In Spain, one of the most famous was the test in Churriana (Malaga).</p>
Euro test Chiclana 2001 Churriana (Spain)

Metals of the euro coins What are they made of?

Euro coins are made of different materials depending on the face value of each coin.

The 1, 2 and 5 cent coins are made of copper-plated steel. Copper is usually used on coins to prevent corrosion, although collectors know that it is one of the most delicate when it comes to leaving traces and ends up darkening or turning a greenish color with oxidation.

The 10, 20 and 50 cent coins are made of an alloy known as "Nordic gold", which is made up of copper, aluminum, zinc and tin in specific proportions.

The 1 and 2-euro coins are bimetallic, i.e. they are made up of two parts of different metals and not as a single alloy, giving them a beautiful two-colored appearance. The 1-euro coins have an alloy of copper and nickel inside. This is the same material found on the outside of the 2-euro coins, which contain nickel-brass alloys on opposite sides.

Bimetallic coins. What are bimetallic coins?

We call bimetallic coins those made up of two distinct metal parts. If they had three parts, we would call them tri-metallic and so on. This is the format used for the 1 and 2 euro coins. 

Bimetallic coins are usually the highest-value coins that countries have in circulation because they have a higher production cost. The first bimetallic coin issued worldwide was in Italy in 1985. 

The Rome mint issued the well-known 500 lira coin. In Spain, it was the Mexican peso that began to use this format. 

What was the ECU?

The ECU (European Currency Unit) came into effect in 1979 within the European Monetary System. The ECU was based on a basket of European currencies and its value was equal to the sum of the values of these currencies. All the currencies of the member countries were part of this ECU basket. The ECU was replaced by the euro in 1999 and during its lifetime was the Community's unit of account and is a very popular private financial instrument.

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